Friday, May 22, 2020
This thesis is a study of imagination as related to exegesis in preaching. The content of preaching has been emphasized and studied in Seminaries, but the method for effective preaching has been treated in generalities. Now it is the time to think more specifically about processes which can help the preacher deliver biblical and powerful sermons that transform the lives of the hearers. One such process is that involving human imagination in relation to the exegesis and exposition of biblical texts for preaching. This thesis attempts to define exegesis, to present the foundation of imagination, and to give examples of the proper use of imagination in the Bible and by great preachers, contrasting these with the misuse of imagination. Finally, the thesis lays out the role of imagination in preaching and in the mind of the audience. A preacher needs a balance between the honest exegesis of the text and practical application of the truth. For this balance sanctified imagination, which is a work of the Holy Spirit, plays an important role. Sanctified imagination functions in an interaction between GodÃ¢â¬â¢s part (revelation) which is exegeted (observed and interpreted) and the creation part (our exposition and application), in the process of making the sermon, thus bridging the gap between the bible times and today. Understanding of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s Word must precede the creative aspect in sermonizing. Without honest exegesis, preaching can be neither biblical nor powerful. But without theShow MoreRelatedIs Image Is Everything?1312 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof using words and actions to reveal the elements and images of a story while encouraging the listener s imagination, it is interactive. Storytelling involves a two-way interaction between a storyteller and one or more listeners. (Webster) Pastors as, storytellers/p oets, are allowed freedom to infuse charisma, charm, and eloquent speech into the sermon. Therefore, the storyteller/poet preaching image combines the narratives of Biblical text, with personal experiences and life lessons to create anRead MoreA Linguistic Analysis of ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Inaugural Address9492 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesRhythm and Rhetoric: A Linguistic Analysis of ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Inaugural Address Liilia Batluk Supervisor: Stuart Foster School of Humanities Halmstad University BachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s thesis in English Acknowledgment My appreciations to my supervisor Stuart Foster for very helpful advice during the research. Abstract In this essay I shall analyze Barack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Inaugural Address, January, 2009 from the perspective of various linguistic techniques. More specifically, I shall propose and focus on the idea that theRead MoreA Good Man Is Hard To FindÃ¢â¬ Essay2784 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesChristian faith only happens in the last moments of her life (Bloom 147). So in a sense, she gains the Ã¢â¬ËladyÃ¢â¬â¢ image, but only after she transcends from her fantasy world and faces reality when she at last realizes that she has not practiced her preaching (Bloom 147). The way Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor develops the character of the Grandmother causes the reader to be somewhat annoyed with her, and the reader gets a sense of Ã¢â¬Å"good riddanceÃ¢â¬ when the Misfit finally kills her. The Grandmother is only led byRead MorePoems with Theme with Life and Death and Their Analysis8446 Words Ã |Ã 34 Pages Theme is a central idea. In nonfiction prose it may be thought of as the general topic of discussion, the subject of the discourse, the THESIS. In poetry, fiction, and drama it is the abstract concept that is made concrete through representation in person, action, and image. No proper theme is simply a subject or an activity. Both theme and thesis imply a subject and a predicate of some kindÃ¢â¬ânot just vice in general, say, but some such proposition as Ã¢â¬Å"Vice seems more interesting than virtueRead MoreThe 7 Doors Model for Designing Evaluating Behaviour Change Programs13191 Words Ã |Ã 53 Pagesexperiment I carried out in 1998. I asked, What it would take to get me to change my own behaviour? The model has been refined from responses in training workshops, consideration of cognitive theories of change; and the results of some formal empirical research that I conducted. Here below is the latest version of this model. [pic] PREDISPOSING FACTORS 1. Role models and visions In this model people tend to adopt voluntary changes because they are unhappy, frustrated or dissatisfied with their lives orRead MoreFrancis Bacon15624 Words Ã |Ã 63 Pagestruly astonishing. He possessed an intellect of the highest order. He was learned in Greek, French, Latin, English, Science, Philosophy, Classics and many other fields of knowledge. He is regarded as the creator of the modern school of experimental research. He held that Ã¢â¬Å"man is the servant and interpreter of natureÃ¢â¬ . He supplied the impulse which broke with the medieval preconceptions and set scientific inquiry on modern lines. He emphasized on experimentation and not to accept things for granted.Read MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 PagesManager: Kelly Warsak Senior Operations Supervisor: Arnold Vila Operations Specialist: Ilene Kahn Senior Art Director: Janet Slowik Interior Design: Suzanne Duda and Michael Fruhbeis Permissions Project Manager: Shannon Barbe Manager, Cover Visual Research Permissions: Karen Sanatar Manager Central Design: Jayne Conte Cover Art: Getty Images, Inc. Cover Design: Suzanne Duda Lead Media Project Manager: Denise Vaughn Full-Service Project Management: Sharon Anderson/BookMasters, Inc. Composition: IntegraRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesFoundations of Organization Structure 479 v vi BRIEF CONTENTS 4 The Organization System 16 Organizational Culture 511 17 Human Resource Policies and Practices 543 18 Organizational Change and Stress Management 577 Appendix A Research in Organizational Behavior Comprehensive Cases Indexes Glindex 637 663 616 623 Contents Preface xxii 1 1 Introduction What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Importance of Interpersonal Skills 4 What Managers Do 5 Management
Sunday, May 10, 2020
The transitional Baskerville typeface is the result of years of formalization and innovation on the behalf of its designer John Baskerville. Baskerville appears to have been a man driven by a sense of perfectionism, and strongly influenced by his earlier careers in related industries. It was these unique qualities that drove the creation of the long-lasting Baskerville font, that is still widely used in the modern day. John Baskerville was born in England in 1706. Early in his life he was a Ã¢â¬Å"writing masterÃ¢â¬ , but later went on to make a fortune in the japanning business before finally finding his vocation as a printer 1750. It was at this time, that French typographers were beginning to make the first steps towards revising theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦According to De Fontenai: Ã¢â¬Å"The English printer has no need to borrow aid from engraving; nor do we findÃ¢â¬ ¦plates, vignettes, tail-pieces, ornamental letters, or, in short, any of those accessories which serve as passports, so to speak, for a worthless lot of French verse which, without this useful precaution, would meet its just desertÃ¢â¬âoblivian.Ã¢â¬ The only decorative elements that Baskerville produced and included with his typeface were fourteen flower forms, which he seldom used, and are absent from his best works. A major influence on these works was the type of William Caslon who was responsible for the most popular typefaces of the time. In his preface for second printed book, Baskerville clearly states his admiration for Caslon: Ã¢â¬Å"Mr. Caslon is an Artist, to whom the Republic of Learning has great obligations; his ingenuity has left a fairer copy for my emulation than any other master. In his great variety of Characters I intend not to follow him; the Roman and Italic are all that I have hitherto attempted; if in these he has left room for improvement, it is probably more owing to that variety which divided his attention, than to any other cause. I honor his merit and only wish to derive some small share of Reputation, from an Art which proves accidentally to have been the object of our mutual pursuit.Ã¢â¬ Both the CaslonShow MoreRelatedThe Hound Of The Baskerville Essay2061 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe book Ã¢â¬Å"The Hound Of The BaskervilleÃ¢â¬ was written in 1901. The novel was published in serial form from 1901 to 1902, in the strand. It continues to enjoy much success today and is considered by some Sherlock Holmes scholars to be DoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s best work. It has inspired over twenty film and television reinterpretations, made in places as diverse as Germany, Australia, Canada, the United States, and of course, the United Kingdom. The most recent such reinvention of this story can be seen in the BBC seriesRead MoreJohn Baskerville: An Influential Typographer1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestypographers in history, John Baskerville made a significant mark on the world of print and type founding. Although considered a failure at printing during his lifetime he produced some of the works we look to today when we speak of the development of the typography and printing fields. An influence to other well-known typographers such as Bodoni and Didot and printers such as Benjamin Franklin, BaskervillesÃ¢â¬â¢ works met with hostility in the English Isles. Baskerville was more than a typographer;Read MoreSummary Of The Hound Of The Baskervilles 1213 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSummary: On December 26th, 2015, my mother and I went to go see the show, Baskerville, by Ken Ludwig, at the Suzanne Roberts Theatre in Philadelphia. The play was a different and clever take on the mystery novel, The Hound of the Baskervilles, by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The play the book tell the story about an attempted murder of a man called Sir Henry Baskerville, who has just inherited his uncle, Sir Charles BaskervilleÃ¢â¬â¢s estate. There is some suspicion surrounding Sir CharlesÃ¢â¬â¢ death. It is saidRead More The Hound Of The Baskervilles Essay2647 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesThe Hound Of The Baskervilles Introduction The Hound of the Baskervilles is a traumatic and adventurous story about a legend that comes with the birth right of the Baskerville family. The story both begins and ends with tragedy. The story firstly begins with the death of Sir Charles Baskerville and a cunning and eccentric detective. Sherlock Holmes is thought of as a highly mannered but stubborn man whom is willing to get to the bottom of any case. Ã¢â¬Å"Watson examines a mysterious cane left in theRead More The Hound of the Baskervilles Essay1416 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Hound of the Baskervilles At the start of the story the setting is described through the legend of Sir Hugo Baskerville. Sir Hugo is described in the legend as a Ã¢â¬Å"wild, profane and godless manÃ¢â¬ This suggests that his inhumanity and Ã¢â¬Å"evilÃ¢â¬ make him a potentially viable enemy who will stop at nothing. It is Sir Hugo that sets the tone for the setting. Sir Hugo uses his power and Baskerville Hall as a prison for the young girl. She manages to escape by Ã¢â¬Å"the aid of the growth of ivy whichRead MoreThe Hound of the Baskervilles1303 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In The Hound of the Baskervilles, various factors of Arthur Conan DoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s early life, popularity, perspective, and status were all expressed in multiple ways. Spiritualism played an crucial role in his life, greatly impacting his work, specifically Ã¢â¬Å"The Hound.Ã¢â¬ Additionally, his birthplace and upbringing, along with the time period, inveigled his writing. Furthermore, Doyle characterized the people in the story in along with real life scenarios. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle had an interestingRead MoreThe Hound Of The Baskervilles1123 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The Hound of the Baskervilles originally written in 1901 by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is an exhilarating novel about the investigation of the death of Sir Charles. There have been many different adaptations of the novel since then. One of these adaptations is the BBC productions film directed by David Attwood in 2002. The film was successful in that it can be said that it accomplished its goal of entertainment. The Hound of the Baskervilles film was similar to the original novel in the aspect ofRead MoreThe Hound Of The Baskerville Essay2032 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe book The Hound Of The Baskerville was written in 1901. The novel was published in serial form from 1901 to 1902. It has proved to be a great success even today and is considered by some Sherlock Holmes scholars to be DoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s best work. It has inspired more than twenty film and television reinterpretation s, made in diverse places such as Germany, Australia, Canada, the United States, and also the United Kingdom. The most recent such reinvention of this story can be seen in the BBC series SherlockRead MoreMystery Elements In The Hound Of The Baskervilles1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthere really a ghostly beast on the Baskerville property? In the novel The Hound of the Baskervilles written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the mystery elements that were used were: main conflict, setting, characterization, and the authors technique of giving clues. As the reader followed the plot of the novel, the main conflict is person vs. person, or Dr. Holmes tries to solve who the killers dog owner is. The Baskervilles (a rich family who owns the Baskerville mansion) are dying off by a killerRead MoreEssay on Atmosphere in The Hound of the Baskervilles1410 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Hound of the Baskervilles How does Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle develop and maintain an eerie atmosphere throughout his novel The Hound of the Baskervilles? Sir Arthur Conan-DoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, the Hound of the Baskervilles, was originally published as a novel in 1902. This was an age when many people were interested in historical matters to do with things like ancient documents and there ancestors. Many of the popular books were in the supernatural and detective genres. These books were particularly
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction On the job training or OJT is one method by which students is given achance to apply the theories and computations that they have learned from theschool. It also helps the students to acquire relevant knowledge and skills byperforming in actual work setting. Colleges and universities require their studentsto undergo such training within a specific number of hours as part of thecurriculum. We will write a custom essay sample on On-the-job training or any similar topic only for you Order Now For the students, an OJT or internship program provides opportunities togo through the actual methodologies of a specific job using the real tools,equipments and documents. In effect, the workplace becomes a developmentvenue for a student trainee to learn more about his chosen field and practicewhat he has learn from academy Background of the study OJT is the most common training method use by organizations across job functions. The trainers assigned for the OJT are experienced in the tasks they are not given adequate training to become trainers. Further, the training content is usually incomplete as a lot of the work procedures are omitted due to short cut used by experienced employees. This instructed OJT lacks consistency, efficiency, effectiveness. Theoretical framework Conceptual framework OJT in an hierarchical framework. At the lowest level is the unit of classification Ã¢â¬â a job Ã¢â¬â which is defined as a set of tasks or duties designed to be executed by one person. Jobs are grouped into occupations according to the degree of similarity in their constituent tasks and duties. Although each job may be distinct in term of the output required from the person who executes the constituent tasks, the jobs are sufficiently similar in terms of the abilities required as inputs into these tasks for them to be regarded as a single occupational unit for statistical purposes. Statement of problem How to cite On-the-job training, Papers
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
Loneliness in John Steinbeck s Novel Ã¢â¬Å"of Mice and Men Ã¢â¬Å" Paper Of Mice and Men is a powerful and moving novel by John Steinbeck, telling of two men following their dream of independence in the midst of the Depression. The story begins in the foothills of Salinas, California, in the middle of the Great Depression. Throughout this entire novel, there are many examples of loneliness. Steinbeck stresses the theme of loneliness through the characters working on the ranch, particularly Crooks, Candy, and Curleys wife. George and Lennie are two ranch hands that travel together, with George watching over the mentally inferior Lennie. When they start work at a new ranch, several different characters are introduced. One affliction that seems to face several characters is loneliness, created by factors such as the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s lifestyles and by social standards of the time period. The book begins with a calm and peaceful setting of nature. Ã¢â¬ËA few miles south of Soledad, the Salinas River drops close to the hill-side and runs deeps and green. The water is warm too, for it has slipped twinkling over the sands in the sunlight before reaching the narrow pool. This shows the peaceful world of nature, it is very calm and tranquil. The pool shows signs of innocence, as it are only a branch of the Salinas River. The river is a sign of the secrets and the future in nature and the novel. The deep green makes it unable to see the riverbed; this shows signs of a faint and perhaps a dangerous view of the future. Despite the movement and the motion of the river, there are still signs of loneliness; there is only the c yclical of nature. The language Steinbeck uses to describe the setting is sophisticated and formal. We will write a custom essay sample on Loneliness in John Steinbeck s Novel Ã¢â¬Å"of Mice and Men Ã¢â¬Å" specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Loneliness in John Steinbeck s Novel Ã¢â¬Å"of Mice and Men Ã¢â¬Å" specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Loneliness in John Steinbeck s Novel Ã¢â¬Å"of Mice and Men Ã¢â¬Å" specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s theme that loneliness is unhealthy and dangerous to a personÃ¢â¬â¢s well being is emphasized throughout the novel. This underlying theme is first introduced in the novel when George talks to Lennie about the advantage they have over other travelling workers of the time. Steinbeck presents the theme of loneliness through the characters. The language he uses to describe the landscape and characters show signs of loneliness. The characterÃ¢â¬â¢s past reflect their loneliness and the death of both CandyÃ¢â¬â¢s dog and Lennie create the major theme of loneliness. Nature and animals play a large role in the story, the main comparison of man and nature is when Lennie is described as a bear. George described how other ranch hands like themselves who travelled alone had nothing to look forward to, and no one to look after them. He told Lennie how other workers would just work up a stake and blow it at a bar because they had no where else to go, no one else to look after them. George and Lennie share a bond so strong that when one is destroyed, the other inevitably is as well. Steinbeck often stresses how ranchers are loners, and George and Lennie are the only ones who travel in pairs. They seem to be two halves of the same person, and they know how special together they truly are. Guys like us, that work on ranches, are the loneliest guys in the world They got no family. They dont belong no place They aint got nothing to look ahead to With us, it aint like that. We got a future. We got somebody to talk to that gives a damn about us . George appreciates LennieÃ¢â¬â¢s friendship because he knows that being alone can lead to a more negative view on life. Towards the end of section one, before George and Lennie reach the ranch, they camp for the night in a beautiful clearing and George assures Lennie of their special relationship. In this passage, George explains their friendship, which forms the heart of the novel. One of the first friends they make on arrival at the new ranch is a man named Candy. Candy is another character who deals with loneliness. He is the oldest man on the ranch and is disabled. The only work he can do is cleaning out the bunkhouse and other odd jobs. His only companion is his old dog who stays by his side. His only company, his faithful, old, blind, toothless dog, is stripped away from him and killed. Now left with nothing Candy fears that he will be treated the same way in the future and begs Lennie and George to let him work on their future ranch. Candy says, I wont have no place to go, an I cant get no more jobs. Candy says this because he knows after he gets canned he wont have anything to live for, he will just live out in the country all by himself. After Carlson shot CandyÃ¢â¬â¢s dog, reality hit because he canÃ¢â¬â¢t work because of his missing hand and he lost his only friend he had for years. When candy was ease dropping on George and LennieÃ¢â¬â¢s conversation about their future plans when they get enough money, he was eager to join and help out because he had nothing left at the ranch for example Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢d make a will anÃ¢â¬â¢ leave my share to you guys incase I kick off, cause I ainÃ¢â¬â¢t got no relatives nor nothingÃ¢â¬ (59). This quote relates to loneliness because once Candy dies, he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have no family or friends to leave his belongings to and thereÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing else on the ranch Candy can do so he might as well leave with George and Lennie. Crooks is an African American who experiences loneliness and isolation in the ranch. First of all, Crooks fascination to George and Lennies friendship demonstrates his loneliness and solitude. As Crooks says hesitatingly, If you guys would want a hand to work for nothingÃ¢â¬âjust his keep, why Id come an lend a hand. I aint so crippled I cant work like a son-of-a-bitch if I want to. (76). Crooks shows that he can do everything to be with others. Crooks aspires to find a friendship by joining the dream of George and Lennie, to live off the fatta the lan' (14) with them. This is Crooks desperate attempt to make friends and be with others in order to overcome the loneliness and isolation he faces in the ranch. Moreover, the the jealousy and curiosity of George and Lennies friendship lead to Crooks desire to make friends with Lennie. Crooks expresses his loneliness and anguish to Lennie, A guy goes nuts if he aint got nobody. Dont make no difference who the guy is, longs hes with you. I tell ya a guy gets too lonely and he gets sick. (72). CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife is one of the loneliest characters in the novel; she has no identity, she is seen as an object, a possession of CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s She wants attention and by gaining that attention, she act the way people think. CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife tries to talk to somebody besides her own husband, whom she can never find, but everybody in the ranch refuses, due to her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s reactions and anger problems when somebody tries to talk to her. She likes to dress up and wear a lot of make up, to attract the men. The men on the other hand do not flirt with her, as they are afraid of what Curly might do. For example CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife was trying to talk to Lennie when he was alone in the barn but Lennie refuses because George warns him about her. Ã¢â¬Å"I get lonely, you can talk to people but I canÃ¢â¬â¢t talk to nobody but curlyÃ¢â¬ (87). This quotation relates to loneliness because no one, not even Lennie, will have a conversation with CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s all she pleads for. Like CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife, Crooks also has no name, it is just a nickname the other ranch-hands use because he is crippled. He is intelligent and very well organised; he has his own room where he keeps his books and possessions. For him, his room is a haven or an oasis. Ã¢â¬ËFor, being alone, Crooks could leave his things aboutÃ¢â¬ ¦this room was swept and fairly neat, for Crooks was a proud, aloof man. Ã¢â¬â¢ This shows signs of isolation, as there is no one to comment on the tidiness of his room. He feels isolated and bitter. He is the victim of oppressive violence and prejudice on the ranch. When he first meets Lennie, there is an immediate rejection of friendship mainly due to the anguish of his loneliness. Ã¢â¬ËWell, I got a right to have a light. You go on get outa my room. I ainÃ¢â¬â¢t wanted in the bunkhouse, and you ainÃ¢â¬â¢t wanted in my room. Ã¢â¬â¢ He does not know that Lennie is unlike the other men, he has been criticised and made fun off, so he does not appreciate the company of others until he gets to know them and their attitude towards him. He tells Lennie of his hopes of having some one to talk to. Ã¢â¬ËI tell ya a guy gets too lonely, anÃ¢â¬â¢ he gets sick. Ã¢â¬â¢ He admits to feeling isolated, he wishes for a friend to talk to. For a moment, Lennie seems to be a new friend, Lennie sees Crooks as an individual, a person in his own right. Crooks respects him for this and is excited about his new companionship. Again the reader only finds this out when Crooks tells Lennie about his feelings. Crooks admits to not having a dream as he is afraid of disappointment, he does however get caught up in working with George and Lennie in the dream farm. His hopes are shattered by GeorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s dismissive attitude. Ã¢â¬ËI didnÃ¢â¬â¢ mean it. Jus foolinÃ¢â¬â¢. I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to go no place like that. Ã¢â¬â¢ The lonely characters feel they can confide in Lennie, as they know he will not tell anyone. Crooks is treated as an outcast due to the perspective of race and black people of the time. Black people were seen as outcasts that had no right to mix with the whites. Curley is a small ex-boxer. He is one of the most violent characters on the ranch. He hopes that by being violent and aggressive towards the weaker characters, he will gain authority. He however avoids those he considers to be strong and with authority, such as Slim. He sees everyone with a lower status and sees people as a ladder. Through this novel, Steinbeck illustrates the loneliness results from racial discrimination and prejudice in ranch life during that time period. He demonstrates that the extreme loneliness would eventually lead to peoples desperate attempts at making friends. Loneliness, is humans major enemy that caused by discrimination and prejudice among humans. Only friendship can prevent humans from suffering from loneliness.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Aggregate Planning Aggregate planning is a very critical tool for both manufacturing and services companies. It is concerned with determining the quantity and timing of production in order to meet forecasted demand at the lowest cost possible and by maintaining the quality of the product at the same time. Aggregate planning is the functional role of operational managers. It involves making scheduling decisions that address issues of matching production to meet changes in demand (Heizer and Render, p. 512).Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Aggregate Planning specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Aggregate planning entails controlling of inventories, production rates, number of workers, production capacity, and other production variables. The elements are achieved through various strategy options that classified as either capacity options or demand options (Heizer and Render, p. 514). There are various capacity option strategies that ope ration managers in manufacturing and some services firms can utilize in aggregate planning to meet demand forecasts in future. Changing inventory level strategy is a capacity option where the manager makes adjustments in the level of inventory in order to meet future demand. Some operations managers can match firm production rate requirements. The other strategy is varying of production rates through overtime or idle time. Firms operations department may also use subcontracting strategy option so as to acquire short term capacity requirements during peak demand periods (Heizer and Render, p. 515). The last capacity strategy that can be utilized by operations managers is the use of part-time workers. Influencing demand is a demand strategy that firms try to increase demand for their product through advertising, personal selling, discounts, and promotions. Companies can also use Ã¢â¬Å"back orderingÃ¢â¬ during high demand periods (Heizer and Render, p. 516) as aggregate planning s trategy. Finally, firms can also use counter-seasonal product and service mixing as one of the demand option (Heizer and Render, p. 517). Operations managers utilize a number of aggregate planning techniques. The most popular technique is the graphical approach that is easy to understand it contains few variables. The other methods are mathematical approaches that tend to give optimal plans in minimizing cost and revenues (Heizer and Render, p. 524). Question Total weakly demand Sum of all warehouse demand = (9,000 + 13,000 + 11,000 + 15,000 + 8,000) Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More = 56,000 units Plant capacity per week Plant 1 = (27,000 + 7,000) = 34,000 units Plant 2 = (20,000 + 5,000) = 25, 000 units Plant 3 = 25,000 + 6,000 = 31,000 unitsAdvertising We will write a custom case study sample on Aggregate Planning specifically for you for only $1 6.05 $11/page Learn More Production cost of each plant in operation and out of operation Plant 1 in operation= variable costs per unit + operating cost = [(2.80 x 27,000) + (3.52 x 7,000)] + 14,000 = 100,240 +14,000 = $114, 240 Plant 2 in operation = [(2.78 x 20,000) + (3.48 x 5,000) + 5000 = 73,000 + 5000Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More = $78,000 Plant 3 in operation = [(2.72 x 25,000) + (3.42 x 6,000)] + 7500 = 88,520 + 7500 = $96,020 Distribution costs Plant 1 average distribution cost = (.50 + .44 + .49 + .46 + .56) x 34,000 = 2.45 x 34,000 = $83,300 Plant 2 = (.40 + .52 + .50 + .56 + .57) x 25,000 =2. 55 x 25,000 = $63,000 Plant 3 = (.56 + .53 + .51 + .54 + .35) x 31,000 = 2.45 x 31,000 = $75,950 Configuration combinations = Plant 1 costs + Plant 2 cost = (operation cost + Distribution cost) = (114,240 + 83,300) + (78,000 + 63,000) = 197,540 + 141,000 = $338540 Plant 1 costs + Plant 3 cost = 197,540 + (96,020 + 75,950) = 197,540 + 171,970 = $369,510 Plant 2 costs + Plant 3 cost = 141,000 + 171,970 = 312,000 The configuration of plant 2 and 3 minimizes total cost of production and distribution. This configuration as meets the exact weekly demand of 56,000 units. Plant 1 should be closed down since it the production costs and distribution costs are the highest. This implies that the company is going to save a to tal sum of $ (197,540 Ã¢â¬â 6,000) = $191,000 at the same time meeting the forecasted weekly demand of 56,000 units. Work Cited Heizer, Jay H, and B. Render. Principles of Operations Management. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006. Print.
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
70 Words and Phrases to Identify a Horse 70 Words and Phrases to Identify a Horse 70 Words and Phrases to Identify a Horse By Mark Nichol An extensive vocabulary surrounds the various subjects pertaining to horses. Below is a list of contemporary and historical words and phrases referring to horses distinguished by characteristics such as color or type of use (but not by breed- hundreds of distinct breeds exist). Some entries also include other meanings for the terms. 1. bay: a reddish-brown horse 2. black: a black horse 3. bronco: a wild horse of North AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s western region 4. buckskin: a yellowish horse with a dark mane and tail; also, the skin of a deer and the leather produced from it, or, previously, to a person dressed in such leather 5. carriage horse: a horse selected, based on appearance and graceful gait, to draw a carriage 6. cart horse: a horse used to draw heavy loads 7. charger: a horse ridden in battle, tournaments, or parades; also, a large platter 8. chestnut: a grayish-brown or reddish-brown horse; also, a type of tree, the wood of the tree, or the nuts produced by the tree (and to the horse chestnut, a separate species), as well as a callus on a horseÃ¢â¬â¢s leg or a tired joke, expression, or song 9. chunk: a strong, stocky horse smaller than a draft horse; also, a large or thick amount or part of something 10. cob: a stocky, short-legged horse; also, an ear of corn or the core of it, a male swan, a clay-and-straw mixture for building structures, or a type of Spanish coin 11. cold blood: any one of various breeds of horses bred for calmness and strength 12. colt: a young male horse; also, a young, inexperienced person or a member of a youth sports team 13. courser: an energetic, fast horse 14. cow horse: a saddle horse trained for herding cattle 15. cow pony: see Ã¢â¬Å"cow horseÃ¢â¬ 16. cutting horse: a saddle horse trained to separate animals from a herd 17. destrier: see charger 18. dobbin: a slow horse, or a horse used on a farm 19. draft horse: see Ã¢â¬Å"cart horseÃ¢â¬ (also spelled, in British English, Ã¢â¬Å"draught horseÃ¢â¬ ) 20. dun: a grayish-yellow horse with a dark mane and tail; also, that color, or drab and dull 21. feral horse: a free-roaming horse of domesticated ancestry, often loosely referred to as a Ã¢â¬Å"wild horseÃ¢â¬ 22. field hunter: see hunter 23. filly: a young female horse; also, a girl or a young woman 24. foal: a horse less than a year old; the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"in foalÃ¢â¬ means Ã¢â¬Å"pregnantÃ¢â¬ 25. galloper: a fast horse 26. gelding: a castrated horse 27. grade horse: a horse of unknown breed or mixed breed 28. hack: a horse available for hire, a worn-out horse, or an easygoing saddle horse (and see hackney); also, a ride on a horse, a vehicle that can be hired for transportation or its driver, a person (especially a writer) who works primarily for financial gain, an inexperienced or inept athlete, or a computer expert or someone who accesses a computer or a computer system to steal information or cause damage (or an instance of such an act) 29. hackney: a horse for riding or driving (and, capitalized, a breed of small, high-stepping horse); also, a vehicle that can be hired for transportation 30. hot blood: any one of various breeds of horses bred for agility and speed 31. hunter: a strong horse used in fox hunting and stag hunting; also, a person who hunts wild animals or a dog trained to help in hunting, or a person who searches for something (as a treasure hunter), or a type of pocket watch 32. Iberian horse: any one of various breeds of horse once bred in Spain and Portugal 33. jade: a worn-out or temperamental horse; also, a flirtatious or disreputable girl or woman 34. jennet: previously, a small horse from Spain; also, a donkey or a stallion-donkey hybrid (also called a jenny) 35. mare: a mature female horse (or other similar animal); also, a supernatural being that was said to cause nightmares 36. mount: a saddle horse (and an instance of riding a horse, especially in a race); also, a frame or a support, or a mound or a mountain 37. mustang: a small, strong wild horse of North AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s western region; also, a commissioned officer in the military who began service as an enlisted person 38. nag: an old, worn-out horse; also, someone who annoys with repeated complaints or comments 39. Oriental horse: any one of various breeds of horse bred in the Middle East 40. pack horse: a horse used for carrying supplies 41. paint: a horse with patches of white and another color (sometimes distinguished from pinto to describe a pinto with quarter horse or Thoroughbred ancestry); also, a liquid layer applied to an object or structure, or slang for makeup or, in basketball (as Ã¢â¬Å"the paintÃ¢â¬ ), the free throw lane 42. palfrey: a saddle horse other than one ridden in battle, or a small, easygoing horse to be ridden by a lady 43. palomino: a light cream or golden horse 44. piebald: a horse (or any other animal) spotted with white and another color, especially black; also, a spotted pattern like this 45. pinto: see paint 46. plug: see nag; also, something used to connect devices or to stop a hole or something resembling one, a piece of compressed tobacco, or a favorable mention that provides good publicity 47. polo pony: a horse used in the sport of polo 48. pony: a small, stocky horse (or in plural form, as slang, racehorses); also, a small glass for beer or liqueur, or a word-for-word translation of a text in a foreign language, especially when used to cheat on an examination 49. quarter horse: a small, strong horse good at running fast for short distances 50. racehorse: a horse bred and trained for competitive racing 51. riding pony: one of several types of horse used in competitive horseback riding 52. road horse: a horse used for pulling a carriage on a road 53. roan: a horse whose hide has white hairs mixed with a darker color; also, such a mixture, especially with a base of red 54. rouncey: an all-purpose horse ridden during the Middle Ages, as distinct from a warhorse (also spelled rouncy or rounsey) 55. saddle horse: a horse used for riding 56. show hunter: a hunter (see hunter) used in competitive horseback riding rather than for hunting 57. show pony: a type of riding pony (see Ã¢â¬Å"riding ponyÃ¢â¬ ) 58. skate: see nag; also, a shoe or an attachment for a shoe equipped with wheels (for rolling on a hard surface) or a blade (for sliding on ice), or a period of skating, or a flat fish with large fins, or slang for man 59. skewbald: a horse with patches of white and any other color than black 60. sorrel: a brownish-orange or light brown horse (or other animal); also, that color, or any one of several plants that produce a sour juice 61. sport horse: a horse used in various horseback-riding competitions (also spelled sporthorse) 62. stallion: an adult male horse (or other animal), especially one used for breeding 63. steed: a horse that is ridden, especially an energetic one 64. stock horse: a horse used in herding cattle 65. thoroughbred: a horse (or other animal) whose parents are from the same breed; technically, in capitalized form, a particular breed often bred for racing 66. trotter: a horse trained to trot in races; also, a pigÃ¢â¬â¢s foot used in cooking 67. warhorse: a large horse ridden in battle; also, a person with much experience (especially a politician or a soldier) or a familiar piece of visual or performing art 68. warmblood: any one of various breeds of horses bred to combine the characteristics of cold-blood and hot-blood types of horse 69. workhorse: a horse used for work other than riding, driving, or racing; also, a dependable, hardworking person or machine 70. working hunter: a type of show hunter (see Ã¢â¬Å"show hunterÃ¢â¬ ) used in fence-jumping competition Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? 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Monday, February 17, 2020
Prospects of Utilization of Solar Energy For Thermal Desalination Technologies in Saudi Arabia - Dissertation Example The paper describes about the current scenario about water resources in Saudi Arabia and how existing demand supply gaps can be filled with the use of thermal desalination technology in the years to come. Introduction The world population including the population in Saudi Arabia is growing at a rapid pace. The established and known reserves of fossil fuel is depleting fast. It has been imperative on the part of scientist and engineers to think of alternate sources of energy to meet the increasing demand. With the rising population demand of water is increasing too. Saudi Arabia has no natural sources of water supply except the water stored in aquifers. For these reasons, the Saudi Arabia has undertaken several projects for the development of renewable sources of energy. This study explores the possibility of harnessing solar energy for the purpose of desalination of water in Saudi Arabia. Radiation Measurement in Saudi Arabia According to one research report, the average solar radiat ion in Saudi Arabia is noticed as 5591 Watt hour on unit square meter area. The data collected are from 41 stations in the period of 10 years. (Mohandas et al, 1999) The solar radiation measurement in Saudi Arabia is now available for 10 major towns namely Tabuk, Al-Ula, Unayxah, Shaqra, Dawdami, Yabrin, Turabah, Heifa, Kwash, and Najran. Though all the locations offer promising solar radiation but the area of Najran is found to be the best. The method used is called radial basis function neural networks. (Mohandas et al, 1999) Solar energy and duration of sunshine is not the same throughout the year. As per the Solar Radiation Atlas the radiation is found to be in the range of 4.1 and 6.7 kilowatt-hour /sq. meter / day. (Alnaser et al., 2004) An Overview of Desalination Process in Saudi Arabia The current market share of the Saudi Arabia in the production of desalinated water is about 30 percent when viewed with respect to the global capacity installed. In last 80 years the Saudi A rabia has spent almost $25 billion on building and operating desalination plants. The kingdom now has 30 desalination units and the country has more than quadrupled its food production. It can be said that Saudi Arabia has turned into a modern nation in the last 25 years. A more than 50 percent water need of a resident in any city of the kingdom is met through Desalinated technology. (Water Demand, 2010) Supply and Demand Scenario of Water in Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia is mostly desert area devoid of any lakes or rivers. Saudi has limited water resources. The groundwater, stored in several aquifers across the country, is the main source that satisfies more than 90% of its water demand. Available Water Resources in Saudi Arabia, 2010 Source of Water In Million Cubic Meters Surface water (Renewable) 5000 (2230 available for use) Groundwater resources 2,269,000 (84,000 renewable water in shallow aquifers) Groundwater recharge (Renewable) 3,958 (1,196 in shallow aquifers and 2,762 in dee p aquifers) Desalination 1050 Treated Wastewater 400 Source: http://www.miahona.com/upload/publications/2010_Walid_SWPF-2010_Jeddah.pdf (p 18) The government of Saudi Arabia has been making great efforts to secure the water supplies for all purposes; some of them include such as dams, distribution systems, wastewater collection and treatment facilities in most cities and towns of the kingdom along with large sea